A few days back Phil Haack wrote a blog post on how to bin deploy ASP.NET MVC 3 application on the web server where ASP.NET MVC 3 is not installed. Like many users I am also on shared hosting and therefore I do not have full control over IIS or the remote machine so I can install or update ASP.NET MVC 3, SQL Server CE 4.0 and other development related stuff. Phil did an excellent post but that works only if you are deploying application with SQL Server as a database. If you are planning to deploy your application with SQL CE as your application backend then here are the steps you need to perform.
<add name="ContactEntities" connectionString="Data Source=|DataDirectory|DB.sdf" providerName="System.Data.SqlServerCe.4.0" />
<system.data> <DbProviderFactories> <remove invariant="System.Data.SqlServerCe.4.0" /> <add name="Microsoft SQL Server Compact Data Provider 4.0" invariant="System.Data.SqlServerCe.4.0" description=".NET Framework Data Provider for Microsoft SQL Server Compact" type="System.Data.SqlServerCe.SqlCeProviderFactory, System.Data.SqlServerCe, Version=126.96.36.199, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=89845dcd8080cc91" /> </DbProviderFactories> </system.data>
The question here is how the one knows what are the dependencies and where to find them all so that they can be deployed with the application? To perform this step you should have Visual Studio 2010 Service Pack 1 (VS 2010 SP1) installed on your machine. After installing VS 2010 SP1 there will be an option called Add Deployable Dependencies added when the user right-click the project icon in the solution explorer. When you click this option a dialog box appears which allows you to select the dependencies required for the project.
If you have read Phil's post by now, you might know the difference of all the above options. Here, as we are deploying SQL CE 4.0 database we will also check SQL Server Compact also. Click OK button to add all the required dependencies. As soon as you click OK button you will notice that a new folder named _bin_deployableAssemblies gets added to the solution explorer.
After adding all the dependencies you then need to build you web application which then copies all the dependencies to the project's or web application's bin folder. While deploying the application we will place each file with similar directory structure in the BIN folder on the hosting web server where ASP.NET MVC 3, SQL CE 4.0 and EF 4.1 is not installed. Just in case if you are wondering on how to deploy EF 4.1, then there is no other thing to be done to deploy EF 4.1, a DLL named EntityFramework inside the bin folder will do the work for us.
Note: I have made no changes to the directory structure while placing files at the remote hosting server.